Javascript Variable

JavaScript Variable

  1. JavaScript variable
  2. JavaScript Local variable
  3. JavaScript Global variable

A JavaScript variable is simply a name of storage location. There are two types of variables in JavaScript : local variable and global variable.

There are some rules while declaring a JavaScript variable (also known as identifiers).

  1. Name must start with a letter (a to z or A to Z), underscore( _ ), or dollar( $ ) sign.
  2. After first letter we can use digits (0 to 9), for example value1.
  3. JavaScript variables are case sensitive, for example x and X are different variables.

Correct JavaScript variables

 var x = 10;

 var _value="sonoo";

Incorrect JavaScript variables

 var  123=30;

var *aa=320;

Example of JavaScript variable

Let’s see a simple example of JavaScript variable.


var x = 10;

var y = 20;

var z=x+y;



Output of the above example



JavaScript local variable

A JavaScript local variable is declared inside block or function. It is accessible within the function or block only. For example:


function abc(){

var x=10;//local variable






var y=20;//JavaScript local variable



JavaScript global variable

A JavaScript global variable is accessible from any function. A variable i.e. declared outside the function or declared with window object is known as global variable. For example:


var data=200;//gloabal variable

function a(){



function b(){



a();//calling JavaScript function


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